Broccoli (Purple Sprouting) Growing Guide

Brassica oleracea var. italica

Broccoli (Purple Sprouting)

Crop Rotation Group

Brassicas (Cabbage family) 


Rich, deep soil, firm with plenty of well rotted compost, composted manure, or balanced organic fertilizer dug in prior to planting.


Full sun.

Frost tolerant



Mix composted manure or another high-nitrogen compost into the soil before planting. When heads begin to form, feed with a liquid plant food.


Single Plants: 1' 11" (60cm) each way (minimum)
Rows: 1' 11" (60cm) with 1' 11" (60cm) row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Sow fall broccoli indoors in summer, and set out when the plants are 3 weeks old.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.



Use a sharp knife to harvest the primary head when the beads are plump and well-filled. Many varieties produce numerous smaller side shoots after the primary head is cut.


Cabbageworms are small green larvae of the cabbage white butterfly. You can use row covers to keep them from eating plants.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Plant Diseases which Affect Broccoli (Purple Sprouting)